James Damore, the 28-year-old Google engineer fired for his sexist 'memo', has posted a new Twitter profile photo of him wearing a 'Goolag' shirt in the same style as the tech giant's logo.
James Damore created the new Twitter account on Wednesday brandishing himself as a truth teller.
The account, which has the Twitter handle @Fired4Truth, has attracted more than 12,000 followers in just one day.
The 28-year-old's new profile photo with the Goolag shirt reference seems to compare the tech giant to Soviet Russia's infamous 'gulag' prison camps where workers were starved to death.
James Damore, the 28-year-old Google engineer fired for his sexist 'memo', has posted a new Twitter profile photo of him wearing a 'Goolag' shirt in the same style as the tech giant's logo
It came as Google CEO Sundar Pichai canceled an internal all-hands meeting on Thursday that was meant to address gender discrimination following Damore's internal memo being leaked and subsequently going viral.
The meeting was cancelled when employee questions for management began to leak online from Google's internal messaging service.
The names of the employees asking the questions were also leaked and some found themselves the target of alt-right websites.
Pichai said in an email to staff that several Google employees became fearful for their safety and grew concerned about being outed for speaking up at the town hall.
The software engineer was fired after he published an internal memo, saying that women weren't biologically predisposed to succeed in his field
He said the company will aim to create several other forums 'where people can feel comfortable to speak freely.'
The town hall was meant to hear out employee grievances over a flareup that began last weekend after Damore circulated a memo that claimed biological gender differences helped explain why women are underrepresented at the company.
Google fired Damore on Monday.
Ever since Damore's sacking, his memo has become a focus for those in alt-right online communities.
The Guardian reports that some of those responsible for target Google employees were also involved in the Gamergate harassment campaign in 2014. That focused on a period of harassment against figures in the gaming world, particularly women.
Damore, who was anonymous at first, spoke out for the first time in an interview on right-winger Stefan Molyneaux's YouTube show on Tuesday.
He defended his diatribe that claimed women were not biologically cut out for the tech industry.
In the more than 45-minute interview, Damore revealed that he wrote the controversial memo during a 12-hour flight to China, when he was feeling 'isolated' by the company's 'liberal' culture.
'I really thought it was a problem Google itself had to fix,' he said. 'Hopefully they do.'
One thing that triggered him to write the letter was attending one of the company's diversity programs, which he found 'shameful'.
James Damore has spoken out for the first time since being fired from Google on Monday, in an interview with alt-right YouTuber Stefan Molyneaux
'I went to a diversity program at Google,' he told Molyneux. 'It was ... not recorded, totally secretive. I heard things that I definitely disagreed with in some of our programs. I had some discussions there. There was lots of just shaming and, 'No you can't say that — that's sexist,' and, 'You can't do this.'
'There's just so much hypocrisy in the things they are saying. I decided to create the document to clarify my thoughts,' he said.
Damore said he isn't the only one at Google who doesn't subscribe to the company's left-leaning agenda.
He says he wrote the memo to speak up for other Googlers who are 'not in this groupthink' and have felt 'isolated and alienated' by the company's culture.
Damore said that those with conservative views in Silicon Valley, ' feel like they have to stay in the closet' and 'mask' their true political opinions. He claims that some of the more conservative employees have been thinking about leaving the company because the left-wing bias has been 'getting so bad'.
The 28-year-old, who said he 'really like understanding things' believes that science is politically biased and divided. He said while the right 'often denies evolution and climate change' he said the left 'also has its own thing sits denies, biological differences between people, sex differences.'
Damore says the proof that his ideas are supported is in the heaps of positive feedback he's received from the essay.
'There may be a lot of negative responses in the public. But very few of them actually send me messages. They just want to virtue signal to all their followers: 'I'm a great person, I share your morals. This person is bad.' But they don't really want to have a debate on why I'm wrong or even confront me — they just want to show how self-righteous they are.
Google CEO Sundar Pichai canceled an internal all-hands meeting on Thursday that was meant to address gender discrimination following Damore's internal memo being leaked and subsequently going viral
'I've gotten a ton of personal messages of support, which has been really nice. I got that at Google before all of this leaked. Lots of upper management was shaming me,' he said.
Damore revealed that he wrote the memo around a month ago and had shared it with 'multiple' Google employees who never had 'this explosive reaction.'
'All the responses were rational discussion,' he added, saying he had been stunned by the reaction in public to his arguments.
He stated that he had simply 'laid out my arguments, I specified exactly whats causing this I even outlined what the response may be, all this PC silencing - but they did exactly that.'
The fired employee says he doesn't believe anyone close to him would have leaked the document but says the reaction still hasn't really sunk in yet.
'I don't really understand it myself yet,' he said of the anger, and his sacking from Google - which he described as his 'dream job.'
'A lot of it is just people got offended because it goes against the left's ideology. And 'Ok, it offended people so it's wrong' and 'It's opinion because it can't possibly be true as it offends me and I have my own subjective truth.'
Damore claims those attacking him for his sexist comments 'feel self righteous' and that 'the ends justify the means.'
He filed a complaint on Monday against Google with the National Labor Relations Board. That board will determine whether Damore was wrongly terminated.
Damore started a fundraising site for those who wanted to financially support him in his legal fight against the company. So far the fund has raised more than $22,000.
Google's Ideological Echo Chamber
How bias clouds our thinking about diversity and inclusion
James Damore - [email protected]
Feel free to comment (they aren't disabled, the doc may just be overloaded).
For longer form discussions see g/pc-harmful-discuss
Reply to public response and misrepresentation: 1
Google's biases: 2
Possible non bias causes of the gender gap in tech: 3
Personality differences: 4
Men's higher drive for status: 5
Non discriminatory ways to reduce the gender gap: 5
The harm of Google's biases: 6
Why we're blind: 7
Reply to public response and misrepresentation
I value diversity and inclusion, am not denying that sexism exists, and don't endorse using stereotypes. When addressing the gap in representation in the population, we need to look at population level differences in distributions. If we can't have an honest discussion about this, then we can never truly solve the problem.
Psychological safety is built on mutual respect and acceptance, but unfortunately our culture of shaming and misrepresentation is disrespectful and unaccepting of anyone outside its echo chamber.
Despite what the public response seems to have been, I've gotten many†personal messages from fellow Googlers expressing their gratitude for bringing up these very important issues which they agree with but would never have the courage to say or defend because of our shaming culture and the possibility of being fired. This needs to change.
○ Extreme: all disparities in representation are due to oppression
○ Authoritarian: we should discriminate to correct for this oppression
People generally have good intentions, but we all have biases which are invisible to us.
Thankfully, open and honest discussion with those who disagree can highlight our blind spots and help us grow, which is why I wrote this document (2).
Google has several biases and honest discussion about these biases is being silenced by the dominant ideology.
What follows is by no means the complete story, but it's a perspective that desperately needs to be told at Google.
At Google, we talk so much about unconscious bias as it applies to race and gender, but we rarely discuss our moral biases. Political orientation is actually a result of deep moral preferences and thus biases.
Considering that the overwhelming majority of the social sciences, media, and Google lean left, we should critically examine these prejudices:
|Left biases||Right biases|
|Compassion for the weak|
Disparities are due to injustices
Humans are inherently cooperative
Change is good (instable)
|Respect for the strong/authority |
Disparities are natural and just
Humans are inherently competitive
Change is dangerous (stable)
1. This document is mostly written from the perspective of Google's Mountain View campus, I can't speak about other offices or countries.
2. Of course, I may be biased and only see evidence that supports my viewpoint. In terms of political biases, I consider myself a classical liberal and strongly value individualism and reason. I'd be very happy to discuss any of the document further and provide more citations.
Neither side is 100% correct and both viewpoints are necessary for a functioning society or, in this case, company. A company too far to the right may be slow to react, overly hierarchical, and untrusting of others. In contrast, a company too far to the left will constantly be changing (deprecating much loved services), over diversify its interests (ignoring or being ashamed of its core business), and overly trust its employees and competitors.
Only facts and reason can shed light on these biases, but when it comes to diversity and inclusion, Google's left bias has created a politically correct monoculture that maintains its hold by shaming dissenters into silence. This silence removes any checks against encroaching extremist and authoritarian policies. For the rest of this document, I'll concentrate on the extreme stance that all differences in outcome are due to differential treatment and the authoritarian element that's required to actually discriminate to create equal representation.
Possible non-bias causes of the gender gap in tech (3)
At Google, we're regularly told that implicit (unconscious) and explicit biases are holding women back in tech and leadership. Of course, men and women experience bias, tech, and the workplace differently and we should be cognizant of this, but it's far from the whole story.
On average, men and women biologically differ in many ways. These differences aren't just socially constructed because:
● They're universal across human cultures
● They often have clear biological causes and links to prenatal testosterone
● Biological males that were castrated at birth and raised as females often still identify and act like males
● The underlying traits are highly heritable
● They're exactly what we would predict from an evolutionary psychology perspective
Note, I'm not saying that all men differ from all women in the following ways or that these differences are 'just.' I'm simply stating that the distribution of preferences and abilities of men and women differ in part due to biological causes and that these differences may explain why we don't see equal representation of women in tech and leadership. Many of these differences are small and there's significant overlap between men and women, so you can't say anything about an individual given these population level distributions.
3: Throughout the document, by 'tech', I mostly mean software engineering.
Women, on average, have more:
These two differences in part explain why women relatively prefer jobs in social or artistic areas. More men may like coding because it requires systemizing and even within SWEs, comparatively more women work on front end, which deals with both people and aesthetics.
This leads to women generally having a harder time negotiating salary, asking for raises, speaking up, and leading. Note that these are just average differences and there's overlap between men and women, but this is seen solely as a women's issue. This leads to exclusory programs like Stretch and swaths of men without support.
This may contribute to the higher levels of anxiety women report on Googlegeist and to the lower number of women in high stress jobs.
Note that contrary to what a social constructionist would argue, research suggests that 'greater nation-level gender equality leads to psychological dissimilarity in men's and women's personality traits.' Because as 'society becomes more prosperous and more egalitarian, innate dispositional differences between men and women have more space to develop and the gap that exists between men and women in their personality traits becomes wider.' We need to stop assuming that gender gaps imply sexism.
Men's higher drive for status
We always ask why we don't see women in top leadership positions, but we never ask why we see so many men in these jobs. These positions often require long, stressful hours that may not be worth it if you want a balanced and fulfilling life.
Status is the primary metric that men are judged on4, pushing many men into these higher paying, less satisfying jobs for the status that they entail. Note, the same forces that lead men into high pay/high stress jobs in tech and leadership cause men to take undesirable and dangerous jobs like coal mining, garbage collection, and firefighting, and suffer 93% of work-related deaths.
Non-discriminatory ways to reduce the gender gap
Below I'll go over some of the differences in distribution of traits between men and women that I outlined in the previous section and suggest ways to address them to increase women's representation in tech without resorting to discrimination. Google is already making strides in many of these areas, but I think it's still instructive to list them:
We can make software engineering more people-oriented with pair programming and more collaboration. Unfortunately, there may be limits to how people-oriented certain roles at Google can be and we shouldn't deceive ourselves or students into thinking otherwise (some of our programs to get female students into coding might be doing this).
● Women on average are more cooperative
Allow those exhibiting cooperative behavior to thrive. Recent updates to Perf may be doing this to an extent, but maybe there's more we can do.
This doesn't mean that we should remove all competitiveness from Google. Competitiveness and self reliance can be valuable traits and we shouldn't necessarily disadvantage those that have them, like what's been done in education.
● Women on average are more prone to anxiety
4: For heterosexual romantic relationships, men are more strongly judged by status and women by beauty. Again, this has biological origins and is culturally universal.
Make tech and leadership less stressful. Google already partly does this with its many stress reduction courses and benefits.
Unfortunately, as long as tech and leadership remain high status, lucrative careers, men may disproportionately want to be in them. Allowing and truly endorsing (as part of our culture) part time work though can keep more women in tech.
Feminism has made great progress in freeing women from the female gender role, but men are still very much tied to the male gender role. If we, as a society, allow men to be more 'feminine,' then the gender gap will shrink, although probably because men will leave tech and leadership for traditionally 'feminine' roles.
Philosophically, I don't think we should do arbitrary social engineering of tech just to make it appealing to equal portions of both men and women. For each of these changes, we need principled reasons for why it helps Google; that is, we should be optimizing for Google—with Google's diversity being a component of that. For example, currently those willing to work extra hours or take extra stress will inevitably get ahead and if we try to change that too much, it may have disastrous consequences. Also, when considering the costs and benefits, we should keep in mind that Google's funding is finite so its allocation is more zero-sum than is generally acknowledged.
The harm of Google's biases
I strongly believe in gender and racial diversity, and I think we should strive for more. However, to achieve a more equal gender and race representation, Google has created several discriminatory practices:
5 Stretch, BOLD, CSSI, Engineering Practicum (to an extent), and several other Google funded internal and external programs are for people with a certain gender or race.
6 Instead set Googlegeist OKRs, potentially for certain demographics. We can increase representation at an org level by either making it a better environment for certain groups (which would be seen in survey scores) or discriminating based on a protected status (which is illegal and I've seen it done). Increased representation OKRs can incentivize the latter and create zero-sum struggles between orgs.
These practices are based on false assumptions generated by our biases and can actually increase race and gender tensions. We're told by senior leadership that what we're doing is both the morally and economically correct thing to do, but without evidence this is just veiled left ideology (7) that can irreparably harm Google.
Why we're blind
We all have biases and use motivated reasoning to dismiss ideas that run counter to our internal values. Just as some on the Right deny science that runs counter to the 'God > humans > environment' hierarchy (e.g., evolution and climate change), the Left tends to deny science concerning biological differences between people (e.g., IQ (8) and sex differences). Thankfully, climate scientists and evolutionary biologists generally aren't on the right. Unfortunately, the overwhelming majority of humanities and social sciences lean left (about 95%), which creates enormous confirmation bias, changes what's being studied, and maintains myths like social constructionism and the gender wage gap (9) . Google's left leaning makes us blind to this bias and uncritical of its results, which we're using to justify highly politicized programs.
In addition to the Left's affinity for those it sees as weak, humans are generally biased towards protecting females. As mentioned before, this likely evolved because males are biologically disposable and because women are generally more cooperative and agreeable than men. We have extensive government and Google programs, fields of study, and legal and social norms to protect women, but when a man complains about a gender issue issue affecting men, he's labelled as a misogynist and a whiner (10). Nearly every difference between men and women is interpreted as a form of women's oppression. As with many things in life, gender differences are often a case of 'grass being greener on the other side'; unfortunately, taxpayer and Google money is being spent to water only one side of the lawn.
7: Communism promised to be both morally and economically superior to capitalism, but every attempt became morally corrupt and an economic failure. As it became clear that the working class of the liberal democracies wasn't going to overthrow their 'capitalist oppressors,' the Marxist intellectuals transitioned from class warfare to gender and race politics. The core oppressor-oppressed dynamics remained, but now the oppressor is the 'white, straight, cis-gendered patriarchy.'
8: Ironically, IQ tests were initially championed by the Left when meritocracy meant helping the victims of aristocracy.
9: Yes, in a national aggregate, women have lower salaries than men for a variety of reasons. For the same work though, women get paid just as much as men. Considering women spend more money than men and that salary represents how much the employee sacrifices (e.g. more hours, stress, and danger), we really need to rethink our stereotypes around power.
10: 'The traditionalist system of gender does not deal well with the idea of men needing support. Men are expected to be strong, to not complain, and to deal with problems on their own. Men's problems are more often seen as personal failings rather than victimhood, due to our gendered idea of agency. This discourages men from bringing attention to their issues (whether individual or group-wide issues), for fear of being seen as whiners, complainers, or weak.'
This same compassion for those seen as weak creates political correctness11, which constrains discourse and is complacent to the extremely sensitive PC-authoritarians that use violence and shaming to advance their cause. While Google hasn't harbored the violent leftist protests that we're seeing at universities, the frequent shaming in TGIF and in our culture has created the same silent, psychologically unsafe environment.
I hope it's clear that I'm not saying that diversity is bad, that Google or society is 100% fair, that we shouldn't try to correct for existing biases, or that minorities have the same experience of those in the majority. My larger point is that we have an intolerance for ideas and evidence that don't fit a certain ideology. I'm also not saying that we should restrict people to certain gender roles; I'm advocating for quite the opposite: treat people as individuals, not as just another member of their group (tribalism).
My concrete suggestions are to:
As soon as we start to moralize an issue, we stop thinking about it in terms of costs and benefits, dismiss anyone that disagrees as immoral, and harshly punish those we see as villains to protect the 'victims.'
Viewpoint diversity is arguably the most important type of diversity and political orientation is one of the most fundamental and significant ways in which people view things differently.
In highly progressive environments, conservatives are a minority that feel like they need to stay in the closet to avoid open hostility. We should empower those with different ideologies to be able to express themselves.
Alienating conservatives is both non-inclusive and generally bad business because conservatives tend to be higher in conscientiousness, which is required for much of the drudgery and maintenance work characteristic of a mature company.
I've mostly concentrated on how our biases cloud our thinking about diversity and inclusion, but our moral biases are farther reaching than that.
I would start by breaking down Googlegeist scores by political orientation and personality to give a fuller picture into how our biases are affecting our culture.
These discriminatory practices are both unfair and divisive. Instead focus on some of the non-discriminatory practices I outlined.
11: Political correctness is defined as “the avoidance of forms of expression or action that are perceived to exclude, marginalize, or insult groups of people who are socially disadvantaged or discriminated against,” which makes it clear why it’s a phenomenon of the Left and a tool of authoritarians.
Discriminating just to increase the representation of women in tech is as misguided and biased as mandating increases for women’s representation in the homeless, work-related and violent deaths, prisons, and school dropouts.
There’s currently very little transparency into the extent of our diversity programs which keeps it immune to criticism from those outside its ideological echo chamber.
These programs are highly politicized which further alienates non-progressives.
I realize that some of our programs may be precautions against government accusations of discrimination, but that can easily backfire since they incentivize illegal discrimination.
We should focus on psychological safety, which has shown positive effects and should (hopefully) not lead to unfair discrimination.
We need psychological safety and shared values to gain the benefits of diversity.
Having representative viewpoints is important for those designing and testing our products, but the benefits are less clear for those more removed from UX.
I’ve heard several calls for increased empathy on diversity issues. While Istrongly support trying to understand how and why people think the way they do, relying on affective empathy—feeling another’s pain—causes us to focus on anecdotes, favor individuals similar to us, and harbor other irrational and dangerous biases. Being emotionally unengaged helps us better reason about the facts.
Our focus on microaggressions and other unintentional transgressions increases our sensitivity, which is not universally positive: sensitivity increases both our tendency to take offence and our self censorship, leading to authoritarian policies. Speaking up without the fear of being harshly judged is central to psychological safety, but these practices can remove that safety by judging unintentional transgressions.
Microaggression training incorrectly and dangerously equates speech with violence and isn’t backed by evidence.
Once we acknowledge that not all differences are socially constructed or due to discrimination, we open our eyes to a more accurate view of the human condition which is necessary if we actually want to solve problems.
We haven’t been able to measure any effect of our Unconscious Bias training and it has the potential for overcorrecting or backlash, especially if made mandatory.
Some of the suggested methods of the current training (v2.3) are likely useful, but the political bias of the presentation is clear from the factual inaccuracies and the examples shown.
Spend more time on the many other types of biases besides stereotypes.
Stereotypes are much more accurate and responsive to new information than the training suggests (I’m not advocating for using stereotypes, I just pointing out the factual inaccuracy of what’s said in the training).