War’s Other Victims: Animals

Over decades, armed conflict has reduced animal populations in Africa more than any other factor, according to new research.

In 1996, when war broke out in what is now the Democratic Republic of Congo, just 31 northern white rhinos remained in Garamba National Park, the last stronghold of this endangered species. Armed militias reached the park less than a year later, and half of the park’s elephants, two-thirds of its buffalos and three-quarters of its hippos disappeared in three short months.Poaching of northern white rhinos also resumed, despite conservationists’ best efforts. Today, after a succession of armed ...