A 3,000-year-old Egyptian gate moved to pyramids of Giza

A stunning pink gate dating back nearly 3,000 years has been moved from north Cairo to a new museum near the famed pyramids in Giza.

The gate is made from pink granite and bears royal etchings referring to Amenemhat I, the first king of the 12th dynasty of ancient Egypt.

It will undergo restoration before being put on display alongside Tutankhamun's tomb in the Grand Egyptian Museum, which is set to be partially opened in 2018. 

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Egypt's Antiquities Ministry says it has moved a gate (pictured) dating back nearly 3,000 years from north Cairo to a new museum near the famed pyramids in Giza

Egypt's Antiquities Ministry says it has moved a gate (pictured) dating back nearly 3,000 years from north Cairo to a new museum near the famed pyramids in Giza

THE GRAND EGYPTIAN MUSEUM

The Grand Egyptian Museum had been scheduled to open in 2015, but construction has lagged as expenses mounted to more than $1 billion (£750 million).

The museum is now scheduled to open partially in 2018.

Eventually, the vast complex will house more than 100,000 relics including the 4,500 pieces of Tutankhamun's treasure discovered in the southern Valley of the Kings in Luxor.

The huge GEM complex will extend over 47 hectares (116 acres) and contain some 24,000 square metres (258,300 square feet) of permanent exhibition space.

It will feature alabaster facades, and its eventual opening will relieve the pressure on the current national museum that was inaugurated in 1902 and has run out of space.

In Egyptian hieroglyphs, a cartouche is an oval with a horizontal line at the end, indicating that the text enclosed refers to a royal. 

Amenemhet I ruled from 1991 BC to 1962 BC. During his reign he moved the capital from Thebes to a more central residence south of Memphis.

He started the 12th dynasty, widely considered to be a golden-age in ancient Egypt. 

This gate will join thousands of other ancient Egyptian artefacts that are due to be displayed at the new museum.

The still unfinished museum at the foot of the pyramids will eventually house the collections of the current brimming museum in the city's Tahrir Square.

It was scheduled to open in 2015, but construction has lagged as expenses mounted to more than $1 billion (£750 million) and is now scheduled to open partially in 2018.

Eventually, the vast complex will house more than 100,000 relics including the 4,500 pieces of Tutankhamun's treasure discovered in the southern Valley of the Kings in Luxor.

A gilded bed and a funeral chariot from Tutankhamun's tomb - discovered by British archaeologist Howard Carter in 1922 - were transferred in May, well packed in wooden containers complete with materials to protect them from both heat and vibration.

But the young pharaoh's mummy will remain in his tomb as it is too fragile to transport.

He died at the age of 19 in the year 1324 BC after a nine-year reign.

This first set of Tutankhamun artefacts destined for the new museum includes three funeral beds, five chariots and 57 pieces of textiles. 

The gate (pictured) is made from pink granite and bears royal cartouches referring to Amenemhat I, the first king of the 12th dynasty of ancient Egypt

The gate (pictured) is made from pink granite and bears royal cartouches referring to Amenemhat I, the first king of the 12th dynasty of ancient Egypt

Amenemhet I (pictured) was king of ancient Egypt and founder of the 12th dynasty. He ruled from 1991 BC to 1962 BC

Amenemhet I (pictured) was king of ancient Egypt and founder of the 12th dynasty. He ruled from 1991 BC to 1962 BC

The still unfinished museum at the foot of the pyramids will eventually house the collections of the current brimming museum in the city's Tahrir Square

The still unfinished museum at the foot of the pyramids will eventually house the collections of the current brimming museum in the city's Tahrir Square

Bas-reliefs of the pharaoh Snefru, founder of the 4th dynasty, are also among the 71 selected objects that were moved in May.

The huge GEM complex will extend over 47 hectares (116 acres) and contain some 24,000 square metres (258,300 square feet) of permanent exhibition space.

It will feature alabaster facades, and its eventual opening will relieve the pressure on the current national museum that was inaugurated in 1902 and has run out of space. 

Workers move a gate made of granite dating back nearly 3,000 years from north Cairo to a new museum near the famed pyramids in Giza

Workers move a gate made of granite dating back nearly 3,000 years from north Cairo to a new museum near the famed pyramids in Giza

Construction of the massive new archaeological facility museum was announced in 2002.

During the uprising, looters broke into the building and several ancient treasures were damaged or stolen.

Its world-famous star attraction - literally the face of the museum - is the golden funeral mask of Tutankhamun which contains more than 10 kilos (22 pounds) of gold and precious stones. 

The chariot of the ancient Egyptian boy-king Tutankhamun is revealed after being delivered to its new home, the Grand Egyptian Museum, on May 23, 2017

The chariot of the ancient Egyptian boy-king Tutankhamun is revealed after being delivered to its new home, the Grand Egyptian Museum, on May 23, 2017

Japanese and local Egyptologists examine a chariot of King Tutankhamun at a museum in Cairo on March 28, 2017, before transferring the king's burial goods to the new museum in May

Japanese and local Egyptologists examine a chariot of King Tutankhamun at a museum in Cairo on March 28, 2017, before transferring the king's burial goods to the new museum in May

Visitors look at the gold mask of King Tutankhamun in a glass case, at the Egyptian museum in Cairo, Egypt, Thursday, July 14, 2016

Visitors look at the gold mask of King Tutankhamun in a glass case, at the Egyptian museum in Cairo, Egypt, Thursday, July 14, 2016

Its opening has been postponed several times, including because of the political instability that has rocked the country.

The current rose-pink museum with its neo-classical facade was a tourist highlight before the January 2011 uprising that toppled Hosni Mubarak, unleashing years of political turmoil which led to plummeting tourist numbers.

It also contains so many items that many have been kept in storage and never seen by the public.

A tourist looks at a statue of Mitri, one of the prominent figures in the 6th Dynasty, old kingdom 2465-2150 BC, at the Egyptian museum in Cairo, Egypt, Thursday, July 14, 2016

A tourist looks at a statue of Mitri, one of the prominent figures in the 6th Dynasty, old kingdom 2465-2150 BC, at the Egyptian museum in Cairo, Egypt, Thursday, July 14, 2016

A visitor looks at one of the oldest papyri in the history of Egyptian writing among the collection of King Khufu papyri discovered at Wadi El-Jarf port, as it is on display for the first time at the Egyptian museum in Cairo, Egypt, Thursday, July 14, 2016

A visitor looks at one of the oldest papyri in the history of Egyptian writing among the collection of King Khufu papyri discovered at Wadi El-Jarf port, as it is on display for the first time at the Egyptian museum in Cairo, Egypt, Thursday, July 14, 2016

An Ancient Egyptian gold sheet depicting Tutankhamun smiting a Nubian captive in the presence of Queen Ankhesenamun, displayed in a glass case during the opening of the exhibition entitled Tutankhamun's Unseen Treasures at the museum 

An Ancient Egyptian gold sheet depicting Tutankhamun smiting a Nubian captive in the presence of Queen Ankhesenamun, displayed in a glass case during the opening of the exhibition entitled Tutankhamun's Unseen Treasures at the museum 

The artefacts moved in May were well packed for transportation in wooden containers complete with materials to protect them from both heat and vibration

The artefacts moved in May were well packed for transportation in wooden containers complete with materials to protect them from both heat and vibration

THE OVERFLOWING MUSEUM 

Diana, Princess of Wales accompanied by the director of the organisation of Egyptian Antiquities, Dr. Ibrahim Bakr (left), examines the golden sarcophagus of King Tutankhamun in the Egyptian Museum.

Diana, Princess of Wales accompanied by the director of the organisation of Egyptian Antiquities, Dr. Ibrahim Bakr (left), examines the golden sarcophagus of King Tutankhamun in the Egyptian Museum.

The world-famous Egyptian Museum boasts 160,000 priceless artefacts crammed into the hallways and exhibition halls of a 19th century two-storey building in Cairo's Tahrir Square.

The museum's artefacts 'belong to the various Egyptian civilisation periods, starting from pre-historic eras, all the way to the Graeco-Roman period,' Sabah Abdel Razik Saddik, the museum's general manager, told AFP.

The museum's best-known piece is 18th dynasty monarch King Tutankhamun's golden funerary mask and the rest of his tomb's artefacts, located in the museum's top floor.

Among the museum's 'masterpieces' are statues of the royals who had the Giza pyramids built, including the only surviving statue of King Khufu.

'The museum also has very important pieces from prehistoric eras,' including two skeletons, one 35,000 years old and the other about 22,000 years old, as well as stone tools from 7,000 BC, Saddik said.

The facility also has around 50,000 pieces in storage that are not exhibited, said Saddik.

The museum was a tourist highlight before the January 2011 uprising toppled Hosni Mubarak, unleashing years of political turmoil which led to plummeting tourist numbers.

The world-famous Egyptian Museum boasts 160,000 priceless artefacts crammed into the hallways and exhibition halls of a 19th century two-storey building in Cairo's Tahrir Square.

The world-famous Egyptian Museum boasts 160,000 priceless artefacts crammed into the hallways and exhibition halls of a 19th century two-storey building in Cairo's Tahrir Square.

Visitors would wait in long lines outside its entrance, while the building brimmed inside with both tourists and Egyptian visitors, including students on school trips.

During the uprising, which was centred in Tahrir Square just outside the museum, looters broke into the building stealing and damaging several ancient treasures.